Delhi – India’s Historical City!
Delhi is the capital city of India and is regarded as the heart of the nation. The city is popular for its enriched culture and heritage. The city hosts some famous historical monuments and is developing with the passing of time.
The influence of religious diversity can be seen in the city along with the cultural impact of the Mughal, the ancient Indian and the British. There are many beautiful gardens in the city, away from pollution and busy city life that provide opportunities to walk leisurely in the midst of greenery.
The capital city is divided into two sections popularly known as Purani Dilli or Old Delhi and Nayi Dilli or New Delhi. Old Delhi is popular for its ancient culture and monuments along with its overcrowded gastronomical lanes. Let’s have a quick peek into the different aspects of Delhi below
Mughal Emperor Shahjahan founded Old Delhi in 1639 which was formerly known as Shahjahanabad. Till the end of Mughal dynasty it remained the capital of the Mughals. During ancient times, the city was known for housing exquisitely designed mosques, beautiful gardens, and magnificent mansions of members and nobles of the royal court. Though this part of Delhi has become extremely crowded yet it symbolizes the heart of Delhi.
The Mughals built many palaces and forts in Delhi. The wall city was built by Shah Jahan in between 1638 to 1649, including the Chandni Chowk and the Lal Qila. The original cantonment of Delhi was at Daryaganj which later shifted to Ridge area. Old Delhi had the first wholesale market and the first hardware market was opened in Chawri Bazaar in the year 1840. Then the next wholesale market was opened at Khari Baoli which was of dry fruits, herbs and spices in 1850. Daryaganj also had a Phool Mandi (Flower Market), established in 1869. Though the area is small and densely populated it holds much importance.
The capital of India was shifted to Calcutta post 1857 revolt and after the fall of the Mughal Empire. It remained the capital until 1911. So, Lutyens’ Delhi was developed after the change was declared. It was developed in New Delhi located south-west of Shahjahanabad. Therefore, the Old Delhi was named so and New Delhi was considered as the seat of national government then. In the year 1931, it was officially inaugurated. Some people moved out of the walled city by 1930s as it became congested and areas around the city were getting developed.
The remarkable Indian Capital was architecturally designed by the British architect Edwin Lutyens and was named after him. It has a pleasant contrast to the twisted streets of Old Delhi. Enriched with history and culture, the impressive avenues and imperial buildings of New Delhi are included in the list of attractions. Humayun’s Tomb, Gandhi Ji’s Delhi home, the site where he was assassinated are all located in New Delhi that draws a large number of tourists every year. Akshardham Temple, India Gate and Gurudwara Bangla Sahib are some of the major attractions of New Delhi.
Various shopping malls and local markets are there for the locals and the visitors, providing them a wide option to shop in the city. Other options of entertainment are also available in the city such as discs, cafes, cinema halls. Wide options for eating out in the city are there as the capital city houses numerous eating outlets and restaurants serving relishing and traditional cuisines.
Delhi is well connected with the neighboring regions and other major cities of India through all modes of transport such as airways, railways and roadways. The traffic of New Delhi remains busy and chaotic because of increased population and vehicles. One needs to negotiate on fare for taxis and autos while hiring to travel within the city. One can also opt for the safest, convenient and quickest mode of transport – the Metro Rail to travel across the city and to its nearby regions.
Weather during November/December in Delhi
- 26°C maximum daytime temperature
- 8°C minimum night time temperature
- No heat & humidity
Even though November is not the peak winter season in Delhi but it is advisable to carry light woolen clothes.
Hindi is recognized as the official language of the country. English is recognized as the language of National, Political and Commercial communication. English in Delhi, is a language with which nearly all the inhabitants of the city are familiar. It is a popular means of communication, particularly among the youngsters. Tourists in the city have absolutely no problem in communicating with the local people as almost everyone can interact like a travel guide.
The Rupee is the official currency of India. The Indian Rupee may be abbreviated in any of the following formats Rs. or INR are available as paper notes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 2000. INR are also available as coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5 and 10
Changing money in India is very simple. Upon arrival in India, foreign currencies can be converted into Rupees at foreign exchange counters at airports. These outlets are open 24 hrs. a day / x7 days a week. You can also find Foreign Exchange desks at star rated hotels. Traveller’s cheques may not be accepted at all banks or hotels. There are Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) which dispense cash throughout the city. Although these machines are linked to a specific local bank, all major credit and debit cards, both domestic and international, should be accepted. Kindly note that certain credit cards may not be accepted.
For current exchange rates, please visit
Radio Taxis: These services operate modern fleets with reliable drivers and government approved tariffs. Available on prior booking, they are clean, air-conditioned, equipped with tamper-proof meters and GPS -monitored, making them safe for tourists. If booking by mobile phone, you will receive an SMS with the driver’s name, mobile number and car number 30 minutes before scheduled departure. Since charges vary with distance, the estimated fare can be clarified with a customer care executive prior to travel. 25% night surcharge on the total fare is applicable between midnight and 5 AM.
Ola Cabs 91 40 3355 3355
Easy Cabs 91 40 4343 4343
Meru Cabs 91 40 4422 4422
Uber Cabs 91 40 39563956
It is recommended to download the App for booking cabs.
- Private Taxis:
Hotel front desks will usually arrange reliable taxis but will require advance notice in order to do so. Taxis are willing to wait at intermediate stops for a nominal charge. It is best to elaborate on the places you wish to visit, the total time you wish to spend sight seeing and the total number of passengers. A taxi can then be booked for a fixed rate.
- Auto Rickshaws:
Three-wheeled auto rickshaws or autos are a convenient way to travel within the city. They cost half the fare of a taxi, but are more expensive than taking a bus. Usually autos are metered, but it is good to fix the fare as they literally take you for a ride. The ubiquitous three-wheelers can be found clustered together at auto stands around the city. Hailing an auto is simply done by flagging down an empty one as it whizzes merrily past.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours 30 mins ahead of GMT and 10 hours 30 mins ahead of American Eastern Standard Time
All public areas are non-smoking except for specifically labeled smoking areas.